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History of the EDL CU

The idea first put forth in 2007 for the creation of the Cyber Defence League has now reached the phase where the majority of volunteers are being organised into special unit of the Defence League with an emphasis on cyber protection.

In accordance with the “Estonian Cyber Security Strategy for 2008-2013”, cyber security is defined as the protection of information and communication systems that support critical infrastructure and services.

An important goal in the strategy is to achieve high level of information security competence in society. The Estonian Defence League, as a volunteer national organisation supporting national defence, offers a suitable framework for raising awareness and competence in information security.

Aacademician Ülo Jaaksoo, a founding father of Estonian information security research, also proposed an idea of Cyber Defence League as a voluntary cyber protection unit. As early as 2000 the cooperation among information security specialists started in Estonia.

A selective chronology of information security developments in Estonia:
  • In 1991, the Cybernetics Institute began information security related research.
  • In 1998, the spread of telebanking allowed for the creation of cyber protection cooperation between banks
  • In 2000, the political agreement on the development of the international electronic personal identification infrastructure (in the form of the Digital Signatures Act) enters into force
  • In 2003, international cyber-crime evolves to a serious security threat
  • In 2005, E-voting starts and the preparations to from a NATO Centre for Cyber Defence Competence start
  • In 2006, CERT is founded for the coordination of operational cooperation and an agreement is reached in regards to the public-private Computer Protection 2009 programme
  • In 2007, Estonia’s cyber protection cooperation is put to the test
  • In 2008, the “Estonian Cyber Security Strategy for 2008-2013” is adopted and regular cyber security exercises begin